What is Search Engine Optimization (SEO)?

Last Updated on November 4, 2022

Today, the majority of us use search engines to find what we need, whether it be a solution, concept, plan of action, or service. Every day, 8.5 billion searches are made on Google alone. Therefore, just as search engines have become essential to our lives, so too have incorporated many business marketing methods. In fact, 67% of content marketers say SEO is their most efficient tactic.

Search engine optimization, or SEO, is how marketers leverage organic search as a marketing channel. Organic search is simply a fancy word for standard, non-ad search engine results.

How then can you harness the potential of search engines to expand your brand? You’ll discover everything you need to know about SEO in this comprehensive guide if you want to rank higher on Google, increase website traffic, and enhance your brand’s reputation.

So, What is SEO?

Search engine optimization, or SEO, is a set of techniques aimed at enhancing the look and positioning of web pages in natural search results. Since organic search is the most popular method for users to find and access online information, having a solid SEO strategy is crucial for increasing both the quality and volume of visitors to your website.

By presenting material that satisfies user search needs, search engines suggest SEO actions that help both the user search experience and the page’s rating. This comprises, among other SEO best practices, the use of pertinent keywords in page titles, meta descriptions, and headlines (H1), the use of descriptive URLs that contain keywords rather than a list of numbers, and the use of schema markup to explain the meaning of the page’s content.

How Does SEO Work?

While it is possible to increase results, it is almost impossible to control search algorithms completely. Businesses frequently seek the quickest route to optimal outcomes with the least effort, but SEO calls for a significant amount of effort and time. There is no SEO approach where changes can be made today and results are expected to show up tomorrow. Long-term SEO projects require daily work and ongoing activity.

All website pages are analyzed by search engine bots, which download and store the data in a collection called an index. When someone searches for something in this index, which is similar to a library, the search engine serves as the librarian.

Users are shown content connected to what they are looking for once the search engine pulls and displays pertinent information from the search query. To decide which pages should appear in what order on the SERP, search engine algorithms examine the web pages in the index.

What Algorithms Evaluate for Search Engine Optimization?

The material from the index that is displayed in a SERP is determined by thousands of different criteria. However, they combine into five essential elements that influence the search query’s result output.

Meaning of the query

The algorithm must first determine what information the user is looking for in order to return relevant results. We call this having intent. 

The algorithm seeks to comprehend language in order to comprehend intent. Its ability to discern searcher intent depends on its ability to interpret spelling errors, synonyms, and the fact that some words imply different things in different contexts.

For instance, search engines would need to be able to tell a bass from a bass fish or a bass from a bass instrument. To provide the right information, the intent would be based on other search terms, historical search, geographical search, and more.

Relevance of webpages

The algorithm examines the content of webpages to determine whether the sites include information pertinent to the user’s search. This happens after intent has been determined. 

The presence of the search terms on the webpage would be a fundamental indicator of relevance. This includes appearing in the page headings or the body material. Search engines employ aggregated interaction data in addition to keyword matching to decide whether the page is pertinent to the search query. This checks anonymised search history to see if the page matches the query.

Quality of the content

The goal of search engines is to give preference to the most trustworthy sources accessible. The algorithms’ intelligence allows them to recognise pages that are knowledgeable, credible, and authoritative in connection to the intended use.

Usability of webpages

Search engine rankings are heavily influenced by website usability and design. The system considers the way a site looks in various browsers, whether it’s optimised for multiple device types, including PCs, tablets, and phones, and whether slower internet connections can still access it with ease.

Context and settings

To help identify which results are most helpful to a user at that particular time, search engines and their algorithms incorporate data from past search history and search parameters. It is possible to give content pertinent to the area from where someone is searching using their country and location. For instance, if you type in “football” in England, you’ll receive different results than if you search for it in America.

Why is SEO Important?

To understand the value of SEO, let’s break our definition into three parts:

Organic search results

These are the unpaid listings on a search engine results page (SERP) that the search engine has determined are most relevant to the user’s query. Many SERPs contain a sizable amount of adverts, more specifically PPC or pay-per-click ads. In contrast to these adverts, organic search results are positioned according to the search engine’s organic ranking algorithms rather than advertiser bids. You cannot purchase a higher position for your page in organic search results.

Quality of organic traffic

How closely does the user’s search query match the content on your website? You can get all the visits you want, but if people arrive on your site believing you to be an Apple computer resource when in reality you are just a farmer selling apples, they’re likely to depart without making a purchase.

Only people who are really interested in the goods, data, or other resources your site provides constitute high-quality traffic. The search engine’s efforts to match a user’s search intent to the web pages presented in the SERP are taken advantage of by high-quality SEO.

Quantity of organic traffic

This is the number of visitors who arrive at your website through natural search results. Because search results that are near the top of the SERP are far more likely to be clicked on by users, it’s critical to employ your SEO strategy to rank relevant pages as high as you can. You are more likely to notice an increase in worthwhile conversions the more highly-qualified visitors you draw to your website.


Increasing your position in organic search results is the aim of SEO. There are different practices for optimizing AdWords, shopping, and local results.

Although it can seem that there are too many competing factors vying for space on SERPs, pushing the organic rankings down, SEO can still be a very effective and profitable strategy.

Google handles billions of search queries every day, so organic search results represent a pretty sizable portion of the pie. To acquire and maintain organic rankings, some initial and continuous expenditure is necessary, but every click that directs visitors to your website is totally free.

Before you go…

Hey, thank you for reading this blog to the end. I hope it was helpful. Let me tell you a little bit about Nicholas Idoko Technologies. We help businesses and companies build an online presence by developing web, mobile, desktop and blockchain applications.

As a company, we work with your budget in developing your ideas and projects beautifully and elegantly as well as participate in the growth of your business. We do a lot of freelance work in various sectors such as blockchain, booking, e-commerce, education, online games, voting and payments. Our ability to provide the needed resources to help clients develop their software packages for their targeted audience on schedule is unmatched.

Be sure to contact us if you need our services! We are readily available.


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